Equity or debt finance are the choices accessible if you want to borrow money or raise cash.

  • Debt financing is taking out a loan and paying it back with interest over some time.
  • The term “equity finance” refers to exchanging money for a share of your company’s ownership.
  • The sort of company you have and where it is in its growth will impact your decision.

Debt finance and equity financing are the two choices available to small company owners that need to borrow funds. Each of these techniques of generating money has specific advantages and disadvantages. Find out how they function, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and practical advice on how to make the best decision for your company.

Debt vs. Equity Financing: a quick comparison

Debt and equity finance are two potential options for businesses in need of money for establishing, expanding, or investing in their operations.

You’re using debt financing when you borrow money and pay it back over time with interest. Typical kinds of debt financing include loans, lines of credit, and bonds.

Obtaining a loan from a financial institution in return for a share of the company’s equity is equity financing. Inequity financing, venture capital, crowdsourcing, and initial public offerings (IPOs) are among the most frequent methods of raising funds.

Debt Relief or Bankruptcy

Are you feeling down because of debt? Don’t worry, you’re not alone. Debt for consumers is currently at an all-time record. No matter if your financial issues are due to health issues, unemployment or simply a lack of spending it can be overwhelming. If you are trying to become financially stable, you should be on the watch for ads that promise apparent quick fixes. While ads promote the possibility that debt reduction is possible, they do not mention that relief could be the result of bankruptcy. While bankruptcy is an alternative to address financial issues, it’s usually thought of as a last option. The reason for this is the adverse long-term effects upon your creditworthiness. The Bankruptcy Headquarters information (both the date you filed and the later date of your filing as well as the date of your discharge) remains in the credit report for a period of 10 years and could hinder your chances of getting credit or a job, insurance or even a home to reside.

Both kinds of bankruptcy can remove unsecured debts and prevent the process of foreclosure, repossession as well as utility shut-offs, garnishments as well as debt collection practices. They also offer exemptions to keep certain assets but exemption amounts are different for each state. The bankruptcy process does not typically eliminate child support or alimony payments, taxes, fines, or certain student loans. Additionally, unless you’ve got an acceptable plan to pay up on debts pursuant to Chapter 13, bankruptcy usually will not permit you to keep your property if the creditor is unable to pay a security or mortgage lien on it.

Another significant change to the bankruptcy laws entails some hurdles that you have to overcome before making bankruptcy an option regardless of chapter. You have to get credit counseling through a government-approved agency within six months prior to when you can file for bankruptcy relief. You can locate a state-by state list of organizations that are approved by the government on www.usdoj.gov/ust. It is the site of the U.S. Trustee Program, the organization in the U.S. Department of Justice which oversees bankruptcy cases as well as trustees. Additionally, prior to filing the Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, you must pass the “means test.” This test requires you to prove that your income doesn’t exceed a specific amount.

What is the difference between equity financing and debt financing?

Debt financing is a way to get money for your company by borrowing money from a bank or investors and repaying it over a certain period. While this sort of financing has its drawbacks, it typically enables you to keep complete ownership and management of your business.

These are some of the most common types of debt financing that you might use to generate money for your business:


Debt finance for small enterprises is most often provided via loans. With the help of the SBA, they may be obtained from banks or credit unions (SBA). After determining how much money you’ll need, the lender establishes the conditions, which might vary considerably. Depending on your financial situation, the quantity of money you’re borrowing, and the kind of collateral you’re using, the cost of borrowing will vary. As soon as you’re authorized, you’ll get the money and pay it back in regular installments with interest.

Credit lines for companies

To support expansion, augment cash flow during seasonal downturns, or pay other short-term business expenses, a small business might acquire a line of credit for the company. You don’t have to put up any kind of collateral for these lines of credit. A business line of credit, as opposed to a substantial one-time payment, allows you to borrow money as you need it without having to pay it back all at once.


Investors may lend money to companies using bonds. Business owners, instead of going to a bank, sell bonds to investors, pledging to return the face value of the bonds on a particular date and paying interest at regular intervals along the way, often once or twice a year. Bonds may be secured or unsecured, depending on whether or not the bondholder provides collateral. Longer-term bonds have higher interest rates because of their more extended maturity periods, varying from one year to thirty years.

There are various permissible kinds of collateral, so here’s some quick advice. A few examples of this kind of asset include real estate, automobiles, bank accounts, investment portfolios, and insurance coverage. Other options include using your inventory, equipment, and receivables.

In what situations is it preferable to use debt financing rather than equity funding?

Debt finance is a fantastic option if your firm is developing quickly, and you can pay back the loan plus interest and still earn money. This is also your best option if you’re willing to risk losing the collateral you’ve put up as security. Debt financing is the best option for those who do not want to share future earnings with investors and want to make a loan payment.

Carrie Daniels, a Partner at B2B CFO, believes that the most significant reason to use debt financing is to keep your business in your hands.


  • You’ll be able to see how it will affect your cash flow right now.
  • There are no outside investors to deal with, so you retain complete control over the firm.
  • Throughout the loan, interest is deducted from your taxable income.
  • Budgeting is made more accessible by consistent payment arrangements.


  • You must start paying as soon as possible.
  • If you don’t pay back the loan, you might lose your collateral.
  • If you don’t have good credit, getting a loan may be prohibitively costly.
  • Monthly payments might strain your company’s cash flow during quiet periods.

An example of a financed through borrowing

Let’s imagine Ashley’s WXYZ Company is gaining consumers and manufacturing popular items, but they need funds to boost their inventory levels to fulfill timely orders.

Ashley is keen on keeping a tight grip on her business. Because she has a good credit rating, she inquires about a business loan from her current lender. She decides to take out a $60,000 loan with a 15-year repayment period. Her credit rating ensures that she will pay a set 6% interest rate for the duration of her loan. As a kind of collateral, Ashley offers up her possessions.

Her loan is approved, and the lender gives her $60,000 in credit. A 15% growth in her business results from her using it to boost her inventory levels. Her credit rating and collateral are protected since she pays her $506.00 monthly payment on schedule every month.

Daniels argues that “debt financing is predictable.” “Companies can prepare for the effect on their cash flow since they know how big the monthly payments will be.”

What exactly is equity financing?

On the other hand, debt finance is a far more traditional method of obtaining money. Investors become part owners of your firm instead of borrowing money and paying it back.

When it comes to funding, how does equity work?

Before obtaining money via equity financing, you must first locate potential investors. You may expect them to go through your financials and company strategy and perhaps have a look around your premises. For an agreed-upon sum of money in exchange for an interest in your firm, they would finance you. What you can raise and what share of your firm the investor receives is based on the value of your business. As a result, the investors purchase a stake in your company’s future earnings.

Inequity financing these are some of the most prevalent strategies to raise money:

a source of risk-taking money

You may want to consider venture capitalists if you don’t have any other choices for obtaining money for your business. They might give you cash in exchange for a stake in your firm once they have reviewed it and determined that they may profit from the transaction.

Platforms for crowdfunding

Small quantities of your firm may be sold via equity crowdfunding on the internet. An online way of generating finance where investors earn a share in the firm equal to the amount of money they invest in the company. Crowdfunding equity may open up a much larger potential investor base for businesses to reach. In addition to AngelList, WeFunder, and StartEngine, there are several other well-known sites for equity crowdfunders.

The first time a company goes public.

An IPO, or initial public offering of stock, is a way for a privately held firm to raise money from the general public. Going public is the only option to keep your firm private.

Don’t forget that you don’t have to deal with strangers while investing. Many of the people you know, both personally and professionally, may be interested in investing in your company and assisting you in realizing your dreams. They also get a good return on their money.

Are there times when equity financing is preferable to borrowing money?

Equity finance may be the best choice if you operate a business in a fast-growing sector (which is appealing to venture capitalists). This is a great alternative when borrowing money simply isn’t an option.

When a firm needs money but can’t get a loan from a bank, Daniels recommends equity financing. Without this, the company risks missing out on essential growth prospects.

In addition, keep in mind that a corporation must begin paying back the loan very immediately when using debt financing. When a firm is losing money, equity financing might help keep it afloat until it starts making money. This is a benefit to companies with a tight financial supply.


  • Rapid expansion necessitates the ability to obtain funds without relying on debt.
  • Having this option allows you to raise money if you cannot get a loan from a bank.
  • You’re able to stay out of debt.


  • Dealing with investors and losing control of a portion of your firm are possible risks.
  • It’s challenging to get because investors want to see a well-thought-out company plan.
  • Investors will be entitled to a portion of any future earnings you generate.

It all comes down to this:

Debt and equity finance may raise money for your small business. If you’re trying to figure out what’s best for your company, you should think about many different things. You can make the most excellent option for your company’s long-term success by properly knowing each of these factors and the influence they have on your organization.

If you wish to borrow money or raise capital, these are the options available: equity financing or debt financing.

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